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Sports-Related Injuries and Conditions We Treat

The experts at UPMC Sports Medicine treat a full range of chronic and acute sports-related injuries. Search our library to find more information about these injuries and how they're treated.

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Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel.

Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injury

An injury to to the Acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a shoulder separation.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

When the ACL tears, restraint disappears and your knee can become unstable and lose stability.

Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

Avascular necrosis (AVN) occurs when bone dies because it doesn't get enough blood flow.


Bicep Tendonitis

Bicep tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons connecting the biceps muscle and the elbow.

Burners and Stingers

Burners and stingers are injuries to the nerves of your upper arm, at either the neck or shoulder.


Clavicle Fracture (Broken Collarbone)

The most common cause of a broken collarbone is direct impact to the shoulder or a direct injury.

Colles’ (Wrist) Fracture

The most common wrist fracture type is a Colles' fracture, which involves the two larger wrist bones.


An indirect or direct blow to the head or body can cause a concussion.


Dislocated Shoulder

Dislocated shoulders occur when the upper arm bone (humerus) is forced out of its socket (scapula).


Eversion and Inversion Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is a tear in the ligaments of the ankle.


Finger and Hand Injuries

Hand and finger injuries can include carpal tunnel syndrome, skiers' thumb, arthritis, and more.

Femoral Acetabular Impingement (FAI)

FAI occurs when one or more bits of the femur's head have deformities.

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder.


Golfer's Elbow

Golfer's elbow is a painful injury that causes muscle inflammation on the inside of the elbow.


Hip Pointers

A hip pointer is a deep bruise to the ridge of bone on the upper outside of your hip.


IT Band Syndrome (Hip Bursitis)

IT band syndrome — or hip bursitis — happens when the IT band becomes too tight.


Jones Fracture

A Jones fracture is a fracture of the bone on the pinky toe side of your foot.


Labral Tears in the Shoulder or Hip

Labral tears damage the tissue that holds the ball and socket together of the hip or shoulder.

Lisfranc Injury

Lisfranc injuries occur when bones in the midfoot break or the ligaments supporting the midfoot tear.

Lower Back Pain in Athletes

The lower back can be affected by problems with the muscles, nerves, bones, discs, or tendons.


Medical and Lateral Collateral Ligament Sprains

Knee sprains affect the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCLs and LCLs).

Meniscus Tears

Meniscus tears are very common knee injuries usually caused by sudden twisting.


Neck Pain

Neck pain can result from a muscle strain, arthritis, or a more serious trauma.

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial infection that affects soft tissue (or fascia).


Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter is an inflammatory disease of the growth plate at the top of the shin.


Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

A damaged patellar tendon causes the kneecap to separate from the shinbone.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

Patellofemoral pain syndrome affects the front of the kneecap (patella), around the kneecap.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis occurs when you strain the ligament and cause tiny tears.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

During an injury to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the ligament is stretched or torn.


Rotator Cuff Tear Injury

It is difficult to raise and move your arm when you have a partial or complete rotator cuff tear.


Scaphoid (Wrist) Fracture

Scaphoid fractures occur when one of the small bones in the wrist, near the thumb, breaks.

Sever’s Disease

Sever's disease is a painful condition that occurs in growing children, affecting the heel.

Shin Splints

Shin splints refer to the pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg.

Shoulder Impingement

Overhead movements can irritate the shoulder tendons or bursa, causing shoulder impingement.

Sports and Muscle Strains

Muscle strains happen when the muscle stretches beyond its normal range of motion or is overloaded.

Sports Strains

Sprains occur when muscles or ligaments are torn.


Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a painful condition caused by overuse of the forearm muscles.

Trochanteric Bursitis

Trochanteric bursitis is inflammation of the sac of fluid that surrounds your hip's outside bone.

Turf Toe Injury (Metatarsophalangeal Joint Sprain)

Turf toe occurs when the ligament underneath your big toe hyperextends.